The State Bauhaus, now mostly only Bauhaus, was founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius in Weimar as an art school. In terms of type and concept, it was something completely new at the time, since the Bauhaus represented a combination of art and handicraft. The historic Bauhaus today represents the most influential educational institution in the field of architecture, art and design in the 20th century. The Bauhaus coexisted with and in the Weimar Republic from 1919 to 1933 and is now regarded worldwide as the home of the avant-garde of classical modernism in all areas of free and applied art and architecture. The response from the Bauhaus continues to this day and significantly shapes the image of modernist trends.